Most air conditioners and heat pumps sold use a refrigerant called R-22. Emissions of R-22 are considered by some experts to be a significant contributing factor in depleting ozone. This has prompted many buyers to ask for an air conditioner or heat pump that uses a more efficient and environmentally friendlier refrigerant called R-410A when buying a new system for their home or office. Choosing R-410A will eliminate the possibility that if any refrigerant leaks from your system it will do harm to the ozone layer.
R410A is also much more cost effective because R-22 is being phased out and will become increasingly more difficult to have repaired, as less and less technicians know how to work with R-22, along with decreased amounts of the gas being produced. By selecting an air conditioner or heat pump that uses R-410A, you will avoid the risk of purchasing a product that is being retired. R-410A air conditioners and heat pumps are state of the art systems, and utilize the most current and reliable technology available for efficient and reliable HVAC systems.
The main component of every air conditioner or heat pump is the compressor, and newer systems are specifically designed to use R-410A refrigerant. They often incorporate smaller, heavier-duty compressors that are quieter and operate with less damaging vibration than older compressors that operate on R-22. Since R-410A can heat and cool more efficiently than R-22, compressors with R-410A run cooler than R-22 systems, reducing the risk of burnout due to overheating. All air-conditioning systems use an oil that circulates through the inside of the system to keep everything well lubricated. R-22 air conditioners use an oil known as “mineral oil” that has been the industry standard. R-410A air conditioners use newer synthetic lubricants that are more soluble with the R-410A than mineral oils are with the older R-22 refrigerants. This means the synthetic lubricants and R-410A can combine and circulate more efficiently to keep the compressor and other moving parts lubricated, reducing wear and extending their life. The new synthetic oils used in R-410A air conditioners are less likely to break down under extreme conditions. In all, R-410A is a much safer, efficient and cost effective gas to use in your heating and air conditioning systems.